Is not it dark
the responsible of light
and is not light
the true responsible of art
Dark, Light and Art
Consequences and causes
Art makes humans
And humans make literature,
Fire, sound, things
Because is the light
What we search unconsciously
Dark, Light and Art
Alberto A., 4th Secondary
Illustration from the book: The Black Man’s Lament (Amelia Opie, London, 1826)
123 Street Rd.
January 6th, 1849
321 Road St.
To whom it may concern,
I write to inform you of your Emancipation from slavery and President Lincoln’s abolition policies. From this day forth, no man is beneath any other, all men and women are assured under the US constitution a set of inalienable rights and liberties in the great state of Illinois, the most important of which is freedom.
No one may look down on you as you cannot look down on anyone. The time of darkness is behind us. A great injustice was committed against you, and the wound shall not close for many generations. However, I would like to thank you for your dedicated years of unpaid labor, I could not have asked for greater workers.
Enclosed, you will find $10,000 which are to be equally divided amongst you, to help you start out. Should you wish, you may remain on the plantation working for $20 weekly. There will be no variation in your workload.
The United States is the most powerful country in the world, and Spain is one of the most powerful countries in Europe.
The United States of America is a country located in North America. Formerly, this country was mainly formed by the original thirteen British colonies, plus some French and Spanish colonies. But in 1776, after a great war between the colonies and the United Kingdom, the colonies officially became an independent country. Nowadays, the USA is the richest and most powerful country in the world. The main cities in the country are Chicago, Los Angeles, San Diego, Philadelphia, New York City, Phoenix and Dallas. As the most powerful country in the world, it has lots of advanced military weapons such as the F-22 Raptor jet fighter, or the Nimitz-class nuclear aircraft carrier.
Spain is a country located in southern Europe. During the Roman Empire, the country was known as Hispania. After the Muslim occupation of the Middle Ages it was called Al-Andalus. In 1492 when the Muslims lost the war to the Christians, the country was divided into kingdoms. When those kingdoms joined together, the country came to be called Spain. Nowadays, Spain is one of the richest countries in Europe. The main cities in the country are Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia and Seville. As the third most equipped country in Europe regarding military power, it also has advanced weapons like the EF-2000 Euro-fighter Typhoon fighter jet, and the Leopard 2E tanks.
In conclusion, I think that both countries have lots of similarities and differences. However, the USA is much richer and bigger than Spain, but younger as well.
Nacho L., 4th Secondary
Canadian maple leaf with the colors of Spain
The Spanish and Canadian people are really similar, but our differences are in the way we think the other culture is like. And maybe we shouldn´t follow those beliefs.
The Canadian people actually think Spaniards take a siesta every day, when the truth is that it´s more of a summer-weekend custom. They also think we all know how to play the guitar and dance flamenco, but we obviously don´t. Another stereotype involves bull fights. Not everyone likes them, but it’s inferred that all of us do.
On the other hand, we think Canadian people are really narrow-minded although Canada is basically a mix of cultures. But the most unfair stereotypes are that they live in igloos and that it´s cold all year long. It´s true that Canada is a really cold country, but their summer temperatures fluctuate between 25 and 30 degrees Celsius.
Stereotypes make the image of cultures appear distorted abroad. Why don´t we all get some information before talking?
María M. A., 4th Secondary
I’m personally against stereotypes. A stereotype is an over-simplified way of thinking. It can be used to describe a group of people or just one person. They’re also quite common between cultures and countries.
All stereotypes are bad, even the good ones. These stereotypes are mainly powered by the media. Why do people, including Spaniards, think all Americans are obese, lazy or junk-food lovers? This stereotype has been mainly caused by the media. For example, it can clearly noticed that Homer Simpson, from the TV series The Simpsons, is a personification of this American stereotype. Why do Spaniards and other Europeans think that all Italians are greasy-haired gangsters? This stereotype has clearly been personified in multiple films such as The Godfather. The media have also told the world that all Africans are good athletes.
The media have also affected the way other countries think of us Spaniards. One of the biggest stereotypes about the Spanish people is that we’re always partying, and due to that, the young generations are becoming lazy and barely study at all. Another really common stereotype about Spaniards is we are very rude and shout all the time.
Julia L., 4th Secondary
Nowadays, and since the beginning of religion, there have been quarrels and even wars over who´s right and whose god is the one. Today, I shall be stating the main differences between the world’s two main religions, Christianity and Islam.
First of all, a very clear similarity is the fact that they both have one deity. There’s God for the Christians and Allah for the Muslims. They also have Holy Scriptures. The Bible pertains to the Christians, and the Quran, to the Muslims.
Nevertheless, both religions differ in their traditions. For example, Muslims do not celebrate Christmas, while Christians do not celebrate Ramadan. They also differ in principles and ideas. To provide an example, Christian women have more rights than Muslim women, even though that also depends on where you are. Muslims also have food restrictions, like not being able to eat pork. Christians are allowed to pig out on anything they like (pun intended).
Both religions do, however, create extremists. It is not just Islam, as many people believe. So even if they are different in some ways, they also have things, both good and bad, in common.
Paco S., 4th Secondary
July 4th fireworks in New York City
If there’s one thing all countries have in common, it’s their love for festivities and celebrations. I´m going to compare the 4th July celebrations in the United States with the Fallas from Valencia.
Let’s start off with the differences. The most obvious would be the fact that, while in the USA people celebrate their Independence Day, the Valencian celebration of Fallas is a festivity that, for reasons unclear, celebrates the tradition of furniture being burnt centuries ago. Today instead of furniture, beautiful pieces of art are consumed by the flames.
There aren’t many similarities between the two festivities though. Both have been celebrated for centuries and are loved by their respective country or city. A funny thing is that they both involve copious amounts of fireworks.
I’ve chosen these two festivities because Independence Day is the foreign celebration I know the most about, and I’m quite familiar with the Fallas, as they’re celebrated in my city.
Elena A., 4th Secondary